Organize the sources. When you have completed your writing and are preparing to turn it in or publish it, you must alphabetize your citations in a Works Cited page. This page should be the last of the document. As an example, the format for a standard book citation using MLA style is as follows: Last name of author, First name.
Title of Book. City published: Publisher Name, Year published. Source Medium. An MLA website citation looks like the following. If there's no author listed, begin citation with the name of the page: Last name, first name. Date published. Date accessed. Issue Year : page numbers. Write the title of the main work book, magazine, journal, website, etc.
Chapter or article titles should be in quotation marks.
The Research Essay
Alphabetize the list. Place your list of references in order alphabetically by the authors' last names.
Alphabetize by the first letter that appears in the entry, whether it has an author name or not. Format the Works Cited page. Double-space your document, and title this list of citations "Works Cited. Each entry should have hanging indent, meaning all lines below the first line are indented by half an inch. Make sure there is a period after each section of the citations.
A period should always end the citation. Method 2. APA requires citations inside parentheses in the text of an essay, compiling them in an alphabetical References list at the end of a document. While you're writing an essay, it's important to cite information so that you avoid plagiarism a form of cheating.
Referencing and avoiding plagiarism
Place a parenthetical citation at the end of every sentence or group of sentences if you're using the same source for multiple consecutive sentences containing information you didn't know before doing research. An in-text citation using APA will simply have the author last name or title if no author followed by the year it was published. No comma between name and year. For example: Richards Richards is the author last name, and is the year. If you have an author name or title if no author but no page number, simply use author last name or title.
This is common when citing websites. APA document formatting is very important. APA papers are divided up into 4 sections: the title page, the abstract, the main body, and the references page. Write down copyright information as you go for every piece of research you glean from. Write it down for every source you look at with a note to jog your memory--you'll be surprised how many ideas you start to paraphrase, unable to remember where you got that idea.
What's a Bibliography?
To form APA reference page citations, you will need such information as author name s , date published, website URL, date you accessed the website, title of work, and so on. Organize the list. The list of references should be alphabetized and set to hanging indent, just like MLA style format. For example, the format for an APA reference of a scholarly journal article is as follows: Author last name, First initial.
Year published. Article or chapter title. Journal or book title, Issue number , page number range.
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Title of Book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Title of article. In Title of webpage or larger document or book chapter or section number. Retrieved from URL address. But if you give in to that temptation, you will, at best, create much more work for yourself down the road.
To avoid these fates, note down all facts you will need for a works cited entry see The List of Works Cited. Finally, consider noting where you first discovered each source, just in case you later need to double-check citation information or to remind yourself why you considered a source potentially useful or authoritative.
How to write a bibliography
Each entry includes all the required citation information, as well as notes on where the student discovered the source and where it is located. Boyers, Robert. Source: DLB 5. Martin, Wendy.
Writing a Bibliography (examples of APA & MLA styles)
U of North Carolina P, The citations are formatted in a consistent style according to whichever citation format is used. Many instructors specify which format they prefer; some leave it up to the students as long as they maintain one consistent format. A "Bibliography" is not the same as a "Works Cited" or "References" list.
In your "Works Cited" or "References" you only list items you have actually cited in your paper. In a "Bibliography" you list all of the material you may have consulted in preparing your essay, whether or not you have actually cited the work. A "Bibliography" may include any sources related to the topic of the research paper. The list of all citations is commonly organized in a single alphabetical list.
Each different type of source--book, magazine article, journal article, newspaper article, article from a reference book, World Wide Web page--has a precise format that is specified by the given format MLA, APA or other. Reports citation, page numbers, docket number, name of the court, year of decision, Internet address, and date of accessing the site.
Example: Fullilove v. US Supreme Court. APA Case title, U. Reports citation, year of decision, and Internet address. Klutznick, U.
Example: 42 US Code.